Huntress Ants

Official Name

Pachycondyla

Size

5–18 mm

Color

Black and Shiny

Geographical Location

Found in Southern United States (Louisiana and Texas) to Northern Argentina, and includes some islands of the Caribbean.

Common Household Location

Lawn, Garden, Kitchen, Room and Floor

Identifying Characteristics

  • The breeding female is morphologically similar to the worker ant.The male Matabele ant looks different to worker ants, as it does not forage or carry out other tasks for the colonies survival.

Official Name

Pachycondyla

Size

5–18 mm

Color

Black and Shiny

Geographical Location

Found in Southern United States (Louisiana and Texas) to Northern Argentina, and includes some islands of the Caribbean.

Common Household Location

Lawn, Garden, Kitchen, Room and Floor

Identifying Characteristics

  • The breeding female is morphologically similar to the worker ant.The male Matabele ant looks different to worker ants, as it does not forage or carry out other tasks for the colonies survival.

Notes

Pachycondyla workers are fairly generalized and lack any obvious autapomorphies, making their diagnosis more complicated than for most ponerine genera. They can most easily be identified by the following combination of characters: mandibles triangular, anterior clypeal margin without projecting teeth, metanotal groove at most present as a faint suture, propodeal spiracles slit-shaped, metapleural gland orifice with a posterior U-shaped cuticular lip, arolia not prominent, tarsal claws unarmed, petiole a thick block-like node, stridulitrum absent from pretergite of A4, and hypopygium with a row of stout spines on either side of the sting.

Pachycondyla is most likely to be confused with Dinoponera, Neoponera, Ectomomyrmex, or Bothroponera, but Pachycondyla differs from Dinoponera in its smaller size, triangular mandibles, unarmed clypeal margin and tarsal claws, and block-like petiole; from Neoponera in its lack of a stridulitrum on the pretergite of A4 and by its hypopygial spines; from Ectomomyrmex in its complex metapleural gland orifice and hypopygial spines; and from Bothroponera in its hypopygial spines.