European Fire Ant

Official Name

Myrmica

Size

3.5-5.0 mm

Color

Reddish-Brown

Geographical Location

Widespread throughout the temperate regions of the Holarctic and high mountains in Southeast Asia.

Common Household Location

Kitchen, Floor and Pantry

Identifying Characteristics

  • A member of the rubra group. Yellowish brown. Sculpture dilute; frontal triangle and subspinal areas smooth and shining. Antennal scapes long and slender. Petiole node with short indistinct dorsal area sloping evenly without definite break to its junction with the postpetiole. Head Index: 79.5; Frons Index: 49.4; Frontal Laminae Index: 92.7. Length: 3.5-5.0 mm.

Official Name

Myrmica

Size

3.5-5.0 mm

Color

Reddish-Brown

Geographical Location

Widespread throughout the temperate regions of the Holarctic and high mountains in Southeast Asia.

Common Household Location

Kitchen, Floor and Pantry

Identifying Characteristics

  • A member of the rubra group. Yellowish brown. Sculpture dilute; frontal triangle and subspinal areas smooth and shining. Antennal scapes long and slender. Petiole node with short indistinct dorsal area sloping evenly without definite break to its junction with the postpetiole. Head Index: 79.5; Frons Index: 49.4; Frontal Laminae Index: 92.7. Length: 3.5-5.0 mm.

Notes

“Myrmica rubra, also known as the European fire ant or common red ant, is a species of ant of the genus Myrmica, found all over Europe and in some parts of North America and Asia. They are mainly red in colour, with slightly darker pigmentation on the head. The ants live under stones, fallen trees, and in soil. They are aggressive ants, often attacking rather than running away, and are equipped with a sting, though lack the ability to spray formic acid like the genus Formica.

This is one of the most common and widespread Myrmica species of the Palaearctic. Occurs in the region stretching from Portugal to East Siberia (till Transbaikalia), and from northern Greece to the forest-tundra natural zone in the North.It is also currently invading Japan and North America where they are considered a nuisance as it is an invasive species.”