Several different types of pests can infiltrate your home, but ants are the most common and frustrating. While there are multiple types of ants, most homeowners will experience either a black ant or red ant infestations. Both of these ant species can be extremely frustrating to deal with and can pose a serious threat to your home.

If you want to make sure you’re dealing with your pest infestation the right way, then it’s a good idea to learn about the differences between red and black ants and the risks associated with each species.

Climate

When it comes to differentiating between insect species, one of the most important factors to consider is climate, and this is particularly true when it comes to black and red ants. Black ants prefer to reside indoors, which is why they are the most common type of ants found in homes. Typically, black ants will infest a home because they view it as a food source.

Red ants, on the other hand, stay outdoors. Their colonies can usually be found in open spaces like fields. You can tell a red ant colony by its mound, which will usually be about 18 inches high and 2 feet in diameter.

Appearance

Other than their preferred climate, the biggest difference between black ants and red ants is their appearance. However, these differences aren’t restricted to their coloring. Black ants, for instance, can come in a variety of sizes. One type of black ant, the carpenter ant, is surprisingly large. In addition, some types of carpenter ants have wings.

Red ants also come in different sizes and species, including ginger ants and fire ants.

The Real Differences Between Red Ants and Black Ants
Image via Flickr by Ingrid Taylar

Risks

When discussing different ant species, most homeowners want to know about their individual risks. Learning about the different risks between red ants and black ants is the best way to decide which species should be your primary concern.

Red ants, fortunately, are not a huge risk to your home. However, if you come across red ants in nature — particularly fire ants — they can be extremely dangerous, as red ants are more aggressive than black ants. Also, when fire ants sting, they inject a toxin that can cause an intense burning pain.

Black ants, on the other hand, are not a threat. They are, however, an extreme nuisance, particularly if they are currently infesting your home. Black ants can contaminate your food and can be extremely difficult to eliminate. Black ants will also bite, but usually only when threatened.

Dealing With Ants

Ants, no matter the species, can be extremely frustrating when they’re in or near your home. Whether you have a red ant colony in your backyard or a black ant infestation in your home, it’s important that you eliminate these insects quickly and easily, which is why you should consult with experienced pest professionals.

Pest professionals can serve a variety of purposes. They can tell you if the red ant colony near your home is dangerous and explain how to best deal with these pests. In addition, your pest professional can tell you how to avoid black ant infestations and can help you deal with your current pest problem.